Mac Os El Capitan Download Installer

As this elegant and awe-inspiring MAC operating system is the twelfth major release with special premium features enabled. Vastly Mac OS X El Capitan free download is focused on sleek design and maximum stability. With more enhanced stability and greater power Mac OS X El Capitan free download is a charming successor of Yosemite. The OS X El Capitan installer application must be on the Mac and in the /Applications/ folder, download OS X El Capitan here if you haven’t done so yet (yes. You can re-download it) Presumably you have already made the USB flash drive into a Mac compatible format with Disk Utility, if not you can follow the directions here to format a drive.

Installing Homebrew on Mac OS X prior to El Capitan (that is Yosemite, Mavericks and others) used to be a breeze. But with a new change in OS X El Capitan called SIP - installing Homebrew has become a bit complicated.

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You need not worry, I have got you covered.

There are two parts to this tutorial. If you want to uninstall or delete Homebrew first and then re-install it on El Capitan then follow Part 2 of this tutorial below. However, if you are doing a fresh installation of El Capitan then follow the steps outlined in Part 1 of this tutorial.

Happy Brewing!

Part 1: How to install fresh copy of Homebrew in OS X El Capitan

Step 1 - Install XCode by downloading it from here. This is needed for installing the XCode command line tools which in turn is needed by Homebrew. You might skip this step if you already have XCode installed.

Quick Note - If you already have XCode installed then go to STep 2. Also, You can skip this step and jump to Step 3 instead and see if the Homebrew installer complains about XCode command line tools. If it does, then come back to this step and continue.

Step 2 - Install Command Line tools by running the following command in terminal:

Step 3 - Now, you need to get a fresh copy of Homebrew and then run the install script. You can perform both these tasks using this one command in the terminal app:

If it complains about permission issues, then you have to fix it before you can continue. This is an additional thing that you need to do in Mac OS X El Capitan because Apple introduced this new feature called System Integrity Protector. Here is a guide to how you can fix this permission issue with Homebrew on OS X El Capitan.

After you have fixed the permission issue, re-run the command above in the terminal to begin the Homebrew installation process.

Step 4 - Run the Brew Doctor utility to check for issues or warnings in the terminal

brew doctor

If it shows errors, then you need to fix them before you can continue. You might, however, skip any warnings that the doctor tool shows.

All the apps and libraries that you install using Homebrew are located in this folder: /usr/local/Cellar

After Homebrew is installed, you can use some of the following commands to perform different tasks with it:

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  1. You can search for an application using: brew search
  2. You can install a new application using: brew install <application-name>
  3. In order to list all apps installed by Homebrew, you can use: brew list
  4. For removing an app installed via Homebrew: brew remove <application-name>
  5. Homebrew can be updated using: brew update
  6. man brew will show other switches and command options for Homebrew.

Part 2: How to uninstall and re-install Homebrew in OS X El Capitan

Step 1 - First you will have to delete the Cellar folder of Homebrew that is usually available in the /usr/local folder. To do this, you need to run the following command in the terminal:

rm -rf /usr/local/Cellar /usr/local/.git && brew cleanup

Please note - If the above command throws a permissions error then you need to read this article to fix the Homebrew permissions in OS X El Capitan.

Step 2 - Install Xcode & XCode command line tools. This is an optional step but for many users, installing the tools mentioned in this step is mandatory. So in order to check, if you have to really perform this step, what you can do is quickly skip to Step 3 and run the command mentioned on that step - if you see success then you can safely skip this step, else continue here:

First download and install Xcode from this link -

Next, install Xcode command line tools by running the following command in your terminal:

If it complains about permissions, then use sudo and run the same command again.

Step 3 - Now that you have a cleaned-up Brew data folder, you need to fetch a fresh copy of Homebrew and start the installation process by running this command in the terminal:

You might be prompted for your root password and when that happens, enter the password and continue. You can find some sample output towards the end of this post.

Step 4 - After the installation completes, you should run the doctor utility on brew to see if there were any issues with the Homebrew installation. This can be done by running the following command:

brew doctor

If it returns any error, try fixing them. If you see just warnings then you could ignore them.

At this point you have succesfully installed Homebrew on El Capitan and you can use the commands mentioned above to perform various operations.

Some sample Outputs:

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So, you’ve decided to download an older version of Mac OS X. There are many reasons that could point you to this radical decision. To begin with, some of your apps may not be working properly (or simply crash) on newer operating systems. Also, you may have noticed your Mac’s performance went down right after the last update. Finally, if you want to run a parallel copy of Mac OS X on a virtual machine, you too will need a working installation file of an older Mac OS X. Further down we’ll explain where to get one and what problems you may face down the road.

A list of all Mac OS X versions

We’ll be repeatedly referring to these Apple OS versions below, so it’s good to know the basic macOS timeline.

Cheetah 10.0Puma 10.1Jaguar 10.2
Panther 10.3Tiger 10.4Leopard 10.5
Snow Leopard 10.6Lion 10.7Mountain Lion 10.8
Mavericks 10.9Yosemite 10.10El Capitan 10.11
Sierra 10.12High Sierra 10.13Mojave 10.14
Catalina 10.15

STEP 1. Prepare your Mac for installation

Given your Mac isn’t new and is filled with data, you will probably need enough free space on your Mac. This includes not just space for the OS itself but also space for other applications and your user data. One more argument is that the free space on your disk translates into virtual memory so your apps have “fuel” to operate on. The chart below tells you how much free space is needed.

Note, that it is recommended that you install OS on a clean drive. Next, you will need enough disk space available, for example, to create Recovery Partition. Here are some ideas to free up space on your drive:

  • Uninstall large unused apps
  • Empty Trash Bin and Downloads
  • Locate the biggest files on your computer:

Go to Finder > All My Files > Arrange by size
Then you can move your space hoggers onto an external drive or a cloud storage.
If you aren’t comfortable with cleaning the Mac manually, there are some nice automatic “room cleaners”. Our favorite is CleanMyMac as it’s most simple to use of all. It deletes system junk, old broken apps, and the rest of hidden junk on your drive.

Download CleanMyMac for OS 10.4 - 10.8 (free version)

Download CleanMyMac for OS 10.9 (free version)

Download CleanMyMac for OS 10.10 - 10.14 (free version)

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STEP 2. Get a copy of Mac OS X download

Normally, it is assumed that updating OS is a one-way road. That’s why going back to a past Apple OS version is problematic. The main challenge is to download the OS installation file itself, because your Mac may already be running a newer version. If you succeed in downloading the OS installation, your next step is to create a bootable USB or DVD and then reinstall the OS on your computer.

How to download older Mac OS X versions via the App Store

If you once had purchased an old version of Mac OS X from the App Store, open it and go to the Purchased tab. There you’ll find all the installers you can download. However, it doesn’t always work that way. The purchased section lists only those operating systems that you had downloaded in the past. But here is the path to check it:

  1. Click the App Store icon.
  2. Click Purchases in the top menu.
  3. Scroll down to find the preferred OS X version.
  4. Click Download.

This method allows you to download Mavericks and Yosemite by logging with your Apple ID — only if you previously downloaded them from the Mac App Store.

Without App Store: Download Mac OS version as Apple Developer

If you are signed with an Apple Developer account, you can get access to products that are no longer listed on the App Store. If you desperately need a lower OS X version build, consider creating a new Developer account among other options. The membership cost is $99/year and provides a bunch of perks unavailable to ordinary users.

Nevertheless, keep in mind that if you visit, you can only find 10.3-10.6 OS X operating systems there. Newer versions are not available because starting Mac OS X Snow Leopard 10.7, the App Store has become the only source of updating Apple OS versions.

Purchase an older version of Mac operating system

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You can purchase a boxed or email version of past Mac OS X directly from Apple. Both will cost you around $20. For the reason of being rather antiquated, Snow Leopard and earlier Apple versions can only be installed from DVD.

Buy a boxed edition of Snow Leopard 10.6
Get an email copy of Lion 10.7
Get an email copy of Mountain Lion 10.8

The email edition comes with a special download code you can use for the Mac App Store. Note, that to install the Lion or Mountain Lion, your Mac needs to be running Snow Leopard so you can install the newer OS on top of it.

How to get macOS El Capitan download

If you are wondering if you can run El Capitan on an older Mac, rejoice as it’s possible too. But before your Mac can run El Capitan it has to be updated to OS X 10.6.8. So, here are main steps you should take:

1. Install Snow Leopard from install DVD.
2. Update to 10.6.8 using Software Update.
3. Download El Capitan here.

“I can’t download an old version of Mac OS X”

If you have a newer Mac, there is no physical option to install Mac OS versions older than your current Mac model. For instance, if your MacBook was released in 2014, don’t expect it to run any OS released prior of that time, because older Apple OS versions simply do not include hardware drivers for your Mac.

But as it often happens, workarounds are possible. There is still a chance to download the installation file if you have an access to a Mac (or virtual machine) running that operating system. For example, to get an installer for Lion, you may ask a friend who has Lion-operated Mac or, once again, set up a virtual machine running Lion. Then you will need to prepare an external drive to download the installation file using OS X Utilities.

After you’ve completed the download, the installer should launch automatically, but you can click Cancel and copy the file you need. Below is the detailed instruction how to do it.

STEP 3. Install older OS X onto an external drive

The following method allows you to download Mac OS X Lion, Mountain Lion, and Mavericks.

  1. Start your Mac holding down Command + R.
  2. Prepare a clean external drive (at least 10 GB of storage).
  3. Within OS X Utilities, choose Reinstall OS X.
  4. Select external drive as a source.
  5. Enter your Apple ID.

Now the OS should start downloading automatically onto the external drive. After the download is complete, your Mac will prompt you to do a restart, but at this point, you should completely shut it down. Now that the installation file is “captured” onto your external drive, you can reinstall the OS, this time running the file on your Mac.

  1. Boot your Mac from your standard drive.
  2. Connect the external drive.
  3. Go to external drive > OS X Install Data.

Locate InstallESD.dmg disk image file — this is the file you need to reinstall Lion OS X. The same steps are valid for Mountain Lion and Mavericks.

How to downgrade a Mac running later macOS versions

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If your Mac runs macOS Sierra 10.12 or macOS High Sierra 10.13, it is possible to revert it to the previous system if you are not satisfied with the experience. You can do it either with Time Machine or by creating a bootable USB or external drive.
Instruction to downgrade from macOS Sierra

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Instruction to downgrade from macOS High Sierra

Instruction to downgrade from macOS Mojave

Instruction to downgrade from macOS Catalina

Before you do it, the best advice is to back your Mac up so your most important files stay intact. In addition to that, it makes sense to clean up your Mac from old system junk files and application leftovers. The easiest way to do it is to run CleanMyMac X on your machine (download it for free here).

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Visit your local Apple Store to download older OS X version

If none of the options to get older OS X worked, pay a visit to nearest local Apple Store. They should have image installations going back to OS Leopard and earlier. You can also ask their assistance to create a bootable USB drive with the installation file. So here you are. We hope this article has helped you to download an old version of Mac OS X. Below are a few more links you may find interesting.

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